講座:法律的空間尺度

Law at Spatial Scales: Local Effects of State Constitution and International Convention

法律的空間尺度:國家憲法和國際公約的本地影響

chiu-final

摘要

1997年之後的香港處於不同法律體系的交匯點:普通法傳統的法律制度,與帶有社會主義法律文化、行使大陸法系的國家權力相遇。這引起了不少關於法律制度的優劣、在日常社會生活的適用性、整體法律觀點的爭論。

法律和法律制度從來都不是神聖不可侵犯的。它們只是解決個人之間或個人與社會之間爭端的工具。透過比較不同地方的法律制度,追溯法律傳統和法律的發展,有助我們揭開社會的真貌。

這次講座將試圖簡要地介紹法律的制度、文化和傳統,然後討論國家憲法在普通法和大陸法系的差異背景下的角色,以及看看國際海事協議在不同的司法管轄區的本地立法過程

講者

招侃潛博士於香港大學地球科學系取得博士學位,現為香港浸會大學地理系講師,任教科目包括自然地理學、氣候變化及城市環境學。他的研究專長包括沉積及地貌學,曾在中國西藏、廣東、法國及西班牙進行地質考察及研究。招博士曾在香港政府擔任運輸及房屋局助理秘書長,任內負責相關立法工作。

 

ABSTRACT

Hong Kong stands at the intersection between a legal system with a “common law” tradition, overlain by a state power essentially executed in a “civil law” manner with “socialist law” cultures. This had led to debates in the relative merits of the systems, their applicability in the everyday functions in the society, and the idea of law in general.

Laws and the legal systems are never sacrosanct. They are merely instruments to resolve disputes among persons or between persons and the society. Comparing legal systems in different places, tracing legal traditions and the development of laws may therefore reveal qualities and identities pertinent to a society.

This talk will attempt to give a brief introduction to the systems, cultures and traditions of law, followed by discussions on the role of the state constitution in the context of differences in the common law and the civil law systems and internationalisation and localisation of law by taking a look at how international maritime agreements are made into law in different jurisdictions.

SPEAKER

A PhD holder in Earth Science from the University of Hong Kong, Dr. Hon-Chim Chiu is a Lecturer in the Department of Geography at Hong Kong Baptist University, teaching physical geography, climate change, and urban environment. His expertise includes sedimentology and geomorphology, and he has undertaken research in Tibet, Guangdong, China, France and Spain. A former Assistant Secretary for Transport and Housing in the Hong Kong Government, Dr. Chiu was responsible for related legislation.

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